A Scots archaeologist has been awarded a £1.7m grant to guide an investigation into the earliest human life in Scotland.
Professor Kate Britton of the College of Aberdeen goals to analyze the earliest doable interval through which people might have inhabited Scotland.
Kate will collaborate with a global staff utilizing ecological and archaeological science strategies to gather proof of human life in Scotland, lengthy earlier than broadly accepted timelines of the nation’s historical past.
Current archaeological discoveries have pointed to earlier human occupation however there stays an absence of “conventional” archaeological proof about human life in Scotland presently.
In direction of the tip of the final Ice Age, Scotland was on the excessive north-west of the European continental landmass earlier than the North Sea was fashioned.
Regardless of its land connections, it has lengthy been assumed that the nation didn’t help human life till the Holocene, the newest interval of Earth historical past that dates from round 11,700 years in the past till the current day.
After being chosen for a European Analysis Council (ERC) 2022 Consolidator Grant award, the undertaking is now funded by the UK Analysis and Innovation (UKRI) Horizon Europe Assure Fund.
The grant will fund Professor Britton’s analysis for the subsequent 5 years, in addition to three post-doctoral researchers and a undertaking PhD scholar.
They’ll work collectively to look at stone instruments, analyse historic soils and sediments for traces of preserved DNA, discover collections of animal bones, and conduct new radiocarbon relationship and isotopic (chemical) evaluation of these animal stays.
The undertaking shall be carried out utilizing computational modelling, with the purpose of “populating” the Ice Age landscapes of Scotland, and even predicting the place new archaeological websites might lie hidden.
A part of the undertaking will contain the sampling and evaluation of Ice Age materials from the Pure Sciences collections of Nationwide Museums Scotland, which is a analysis associate within the undertaking.
Precept Curator of Vertebrates, Dr Andrew Kitchener, stated: “Scotland’s final ice age is handled nearly as a useless zone, the place no life may have existed due to intensive ice sheets.
“However, so few of the bones recovered from caves, bogs, clays and gravels over the past 200 years have been dated and studied that it’s nice to see them get the eye they deserve.”
“There are thrilling new tales about Palaeolithic Scotland simply ready to be uncovered and instructed”.
Professor Kate Britton stated: “Palaeolithic Scotland has been lacking from the textbooks, presumed non-existent.”
“Key discoveries of the final decade have lastly supplied indeniable proof for human exercise on the excessive fringe of north-west Europe in direction of the tip of the Final Ice Age, however the proof is sparse and under-researched.”
“For too lengthy we have now accepted that human exercise was confined to extra southern areas of Britain at the moment, however we need to problem that narrative.”
Professor Britton says they’ll try to do that by conducting “archaeology in reverse”.
“Scotland doesn’t have the intensive cave networks we discover in locations like southern France and the acidity of our soils implies that it’s unlikely that delicate instruments constituted of antler or bone have survived,” she added.
“And up to now only some stone instruments have been discovered.
“As a substitute, we are going to flip our consideration to the wildlife and to the intensive deposits of animal stays already housed in museums and collections to reinterpret what they will inform us concerning the environments Scotland’s first peoples encountered and to look at whether or not the earlier relationship of such objects is correct.”
“If we will construct an image of the ecosystems and circumstances which existed then we will achieve new insights into the kind of human inhabitants this atmosphere is prone to have supported.”