Report exhibits extra beavers moved as Scottish inhabitants expands

SCOTTISH beavers have been trapped and moved at an elevated stage within the nation final yr, in response to a brand new report on beaver administration.

This comes because the beaver inhabitants continues to develop quickly – with a complete of 45 animals trapped and moved to licenced initiatives, in contrast with 33 within the earlier yr.

The 2022 figures present a discount within the variety of beavers eliminated beneath licence from battle areas in Tayside to forestall agriculture harm – down from 120 in 2021 to 108.

Captive European Beaver in Highland Wildlife Park, East Highland Space

Of those, 15 have been launched to the wild in Scotland. The proportion of beavers that have been trapped and translocated was due to this fact 42% in 2022, a rise from 28% in 2021.

A complete of 63 beavers have been killed beneath licence, a big lower from 87 in 2021. As well as, 108 dams have been eliminated beneath licence.

This improve in trapping and translocation partly displays the change in Scottish Authorities coverage to help enlargement of the inhabitants throughout Scotland.

This got here into impact final summer time, alongside elevated efforts to advertise trapping with land managers as a profitable different to deadly management, and continued curiosity from licenced launch initiatives in England.

A NatureScot beaver crew stepped as much as work with land managers to mitigate beaver impacts the place required, serving to extra individuals to stay alongside these ecosystem engineers.

This included 24 new mitigation circumstances in 2022.

The report highlights that the beaver inhabitants in Scotland is increasing quickly, with an estimated 424 beaver territories at the moment, or greater than 1,500 people.

If this trajectory continues, it’s anticipated that there might be as many as 10,000 beavers in Scotland by 2030, with populations restored to extra areas.

This may play an essential position in serving to to enhance biodiversity and reply to the local weather emergency in Scotland.

Biodiversity Minister Lorna Slater stated: “It’s welcome information to see the rise within the proportion of beavers being translocated and that numbers in Scotland are growing, however extra work is required.

“It’s important that we proceed to guard and worth these iconic animals.

“The report signifies that not solely are beaver inhabitants numbers growing at a wholesome charge, however that different types of administration are being actively utilized by land managers to cut back their affect.

“This can be a direct results of our dedication to advertise the enlargement of beavers to all elements of Scotland.

“Beavers assist re-engineer and restore rivers and may create wetlands.

“Their introduction is a crucial a part of our wider dedication to guard and restore Scotland’s pure setting.”

Donald Fraser, NatureScot’s Head of Wildlife Administration, stated: “We’re happy to report a big improve in trapping final yr, with NatureScot employees working onerous with land managers, the Beaver Belief and the 5 Sisters Zoo to allow this wherever attainable.

“As this work continues, we anticipate to see an extra shift away from deadly management.

“Alongside this, an enormous quantity of effort has additionally been happening behind the scenes to place in place the help and assets to allow others to take ahead well-considered translocations in Scotland.

“The discharge of beavers at a brand new website at Loch Lomond earlier this yr marked a big milestone within the restoration of the species, with two different proposals for the River Spey and Glen Affric / Beauly areas at the moment being explored.

“NatureScot has carried out environmental assessments of those catchments, and we are actually inviting views on these.

“This can guarantee we absolutely perceive the possible impact of beaver translocations.”

The previous 12 months have additionally seen the publication of Scotland’s Beaver Technique, which introduced collectively greater than 50 organisations and people with an curiosity in beaver restoration and administration, to set out a imaginative and prescient for 2045.

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